Today is a Great Day to Learn Something New and Creative in Education
One of my favorite subjects to teach is United States history. There is so much to be taught regarding how we became a nation and how we keep our independence. I love teaching social studies because it is flexible and allows for some hands-on application. Since I am preparing to present on this topic, I thought it would be nice to again post related to the presentation itself – using literacy skills to teach social studies. As with last week's post, this is not the book I will be addressing during the presentation.
I chose for this week the mentor text, The Sweetest Fig by Chris Van Allsburg. If you have not read this book, I highly recommend it. I will be discussing a quite unique way to implement this book than maybe you have heard or seen before, but I believe that when we take the opportunity to share stories our students can make solid connections to the learning.
I recently was in a classroom and used this book on the spur of the moment. I read the story and did a think aloud. At the end of the story, I had students discuss what surprised them most about the story. This was the first time the students were posed that specific question about a text. The discussions were real and meaningful. The students were very engaged. Students did not have the opportunity that day to complete an AR assessment over that book, but within two days of it being shared with them, they did take an AR quiz and they were happy to tell me they were all scoring 100%. First thing I will say here is that I am not a big proponent of AR -- no further comments about the program here either. Second thing I will say is that when we allow students to interact in meaningful ways with a text, we should not be surprised that they understand the story well.
I did decide this week that I should include the learning target I am specifically addressing. This may not be the explicit language of your standards, but it can guide you to writing a learning target based on your specific state standards for social studies.
This lesson will focus on understanding character traits.
I am excited to share with you a freebie this week. The graphic organizer that I will be using for this week’s post is available for sale in my TPT store. However, I want to share it with my readers for free.
Engage the Mind: https://vimeo.com/150641082 Flocabulary video. If you do not subscribe, there are some free videos on YouTube.
Recapture Previous Learning: Earlier in the year, you most likely taught plot. If not, then plot should come before this lesson.
Now some might say that you cannot teach plot, until students understand characters. Well, that is just not the case. You see, plot does not necessarily go into character changes, it just outlines the story. To learn plot, students must understand that a story has characters, settings, problems, and solutions. Character development comes later and is important to understand the plot and how the role of rising action plays into character develop throughout the story.
Dive Right In: Tell the students that you plan to share a story with them today called “the Sweetest Fig.” Tell them that as you read, they need to complete the graphic organizer about Monsieur Bibot.
Before starting, introduce the graphic organizer and discuss the directions. Students should understand the difference between a major character and a minor character. As you read, make sure that you show the illustrations slowly and allow time for students to observe what they think Monsieur Bibot looks like so they can describe his character.
The students need to understand the categories listed: see, do, think, and feel. They need to understand that what the character sees, does, thinks, or feels may not be written but can be seen in illustrations. As educators, we know that inferences can also be made, but we have to consider the overall task when we bring inferences into the mix. If you want to include inferences, make sure you tell students this and supply an example of how they could write that in their graphic organizer.
Get Your Hands Dirty: Read the story and have students complete the graphic organizer. Be sure to show illustrations and allow time for students to add to their chart between some of the pages.
Allow time for the students to include an answer to “How does the character make you feel?”
When you are done with the story, the students should be put in groups or 3-5 students each. With their graphic organizer in hand they are going to discuss the following focus questions:
Capture what You Learned Today (Exit Ticket): In two to three sentences describe how you feel about how the author ended the story. Do you think about Monsieur Bibot’s actions throughout the story? Explain your thinking.
Learning Target: I can understand how a person’s characteristics impact events in history.
Essential Question: What might have changed in the outcomes of the early colonies and the American Revolution if King George III had different traits? What might have changed in the outcomes for Marcel if Monsieur Bibot had different traits?
During this time, you should be teaching specifically about the tension between the colonies and Britain. This includes the events that led to the American Revolution.
This is also a lesson I would teach after they have had the reading lesson specific to the book, or at least specific to show character traits.
Engage the Mind: (to be done the day prior to using the mentor text) The Kings M&Ms – This is an awesome activity. If your school does not allow food items, you can supplement with other items.
Alternate Reflection sheet:
Recapture Previous Learning: Emoji Activity. On an index card or a half sheet of paper, ask students to draw an emoji that captures their reaction from the previous day’s activity. Next to the emoji they need to write 1 to 3 sentences explaining why they felt that way in relation to the activity. Ask a few students to share. For time sake, I have a general rule which I call the Rule of 3. I always allow three students to share and then I move on. Alternatively, you can ask the students to share their emoji and thinking with another classmate, so everyone shares.
Dive Right In: Place students into groups of 3 or 4. Give each group a large sheet of paper. On the paper, the students will create a T-Chart. On one side of the T-Chart they need to write King George III as shown. They will discuss in their groups characteristics of King George III and add those in the column under King George III.
Tell the students to return to their own seats. In my classroom, I would pull the students to an area I had set up for read aloud time. Even in a social studies class this gives students the opportunity for that personal connection of a read aloud as versus sitting in their own seats.
Get Your Hands Dirty: Tell the students that you plan to share a story with them called “the Sweetest Fig.” As you read, they are going to write character traits about Monsieur Bibot on a sticky note independently.
After you have finished reading, they will get back into their groups and add the character traits of Monsieur Bibot to their T-Charts.
In their groups, have them discuss the traits that King George III and Monsieur Bibot have in common or that may be quite different. To do this pose the following focus questions:
Teachers: Character traits of Monsieur Bibot include:
Capture what You Learned Today (Exit Ticket): Snowstorm. Students write down what their response to the following prompt: How can one person’s attitudes/traits affect history? When done writing their response students crumple their paper into a ball. Given a signal, they throw their paper snowballs in the air. Then each learner picks up a nearby response and reads it aloud.
The process: I can tell you during this unit, I would be having the students work on a cause and effect essay of the American Revolution. I narrow the topic for them of the cause and effect essay because I want to refine the process for them. You could even narrow it down further to be the cause and effect of a specific event, say the Boston Tea Party.
Now, we can talk about structure here. I believe that students must be afforded the right to do some free choice writing, however, the significance of understanding text structure, needs some formulaic writing in this instance. Now, I will not tell them how many paragraphs per say, but that each cause they name has to have one paragraph explaining that cause and the effect that occurred.
For the sake of this activity, with the mentor text The Sweetest Fig, there is a mini-lesson related to the cause and effect essay. This is not the entire essay process.
Here is an outline of what mini-lessons I would teach for a cause and effect essay:
The mini-lesson I will dive into today is to determine the cause and effect relationships to include in the essay. This is a brainstorming activity.
Engage the Mind: Show this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DbFQP8_6yo0 and discuss what role each person played in everyone falling down.
Recapture Previous Learning: What is cause and effect? What clue words help you determine the cause? What clue words help you determine the effect? In the video, how many effects can you name? (example the dog broke off its leash and started running, knocking someone over, then that person dropped their groceries, _____________)
Dive Right In: Share the story, The Sweetest Fig. Have them complete a cause and effect chain for the story as you read. It is ideal to have read this story previously, so you avoid any spoilers for the ending.
Pass out a cause and effect chain. You can find one you prefer on the internet. You can see a complete cause and effect chain here for the
Get Your Hands Dirty: Now that we have created a cause and effect chain about Monsieur Bibot, you will do the same about the American Revolution. Start with King George.
The cause is that King George wanted to tax and control the colonies to pay for debt.
Allow students time to work independently and with a classmate to complete their cause and effect chain.
Capture what You Learned Today (Exit Ticket): Tweet a Response summarizing how using a cause and effect chain helps you in organizing cause and effect relationships.
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My life journey is that of a mother, wife, grandmother, weenie dog owner, blogger, conference speaker, mini-farmer, writer and a an occasional mistake maker with over 24 years in education. Follow me on Twitter @JEdgarEdConsult